Easton's Bible Dictionary
(Matthew 22:5). Every Hebrew had a certain portion of land assigned to him as a possession (Numbers 26:33-56). In Egypt the lands all belonged to the king, and the husbandmen were obliged to give him a fifth part of the produce; so in Palestine Jehovah was the sole possessor of the soil, and the people held it by direct tenure from him. By the enactment of Moses, the Hebrews paid a tithe of the produce to Jehovah, which was assigned to the priesthood. Military service when required was also to be rendered by every Hebrew at his own expense. The occuptaion of a husbandman was held in high honour (1 Samuel 11:5-7; 1 Kings 19:19; 2 Chronicles 26:10). (see LAND LAWS; TITHE.)
Noah Webster's New International Dictionary of the English Language
1. (a. & n.) The rent of land, -- originally paid by reservation of part of its products.
2. (a. & n.) The term or tenure of a lease of land for cultivation; a leasehold.
3. (a. & n.) The land held under lease and by payment of rent for the purpose of cultivation.
4. (a. & n.) Any tract of land devoted to agricultural purposes, under the management of a tenant or the owner.
5. (a. & n.) A district of country leased (or farmed) out for the collection of the revenues of government.
6. (a. & n.) A lease of the imposts on particular goods; as, the sugar farm, the silk farm.
7. (v. t.) To lease or let for an equivalent, as land for a rent; to yield the use of to proceeds.
8. (v. t.) To give up to another, as an estate, a business, the revenue, etc., on condition of receiving in return a percentage of what it yields; as, to farm the taxes.
9. (v. t.) To take at a certain rent or rate.
10. (v. t.) To devote (land) to agriculture; to cultivate, as land; to till, as a farm.
11. (v. i.) To engage in the business of tilling the soil; to labor as a farmer.