Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1.) For sacred purposes. The sacrifices were consumed by fire (Genesis 8:20). The ever-burning fire on the altar was first kindled from heaven (Leviticus 6:9, 13; 9:24), and afterwards rekindled at the dedication of Solomon's temple (2 Chronicles 7:1, 3). The expressions "fire from heaven" and "fire of the Lord" generally denote lightning, but sometimes also the fire of the altar was so called (Exodus 29:18; Leviticus 1:9; 2:3; 3:5, 9).
(2.) For domestic purposes, such as baking, cooking, warmth, etc. (Jeremiah 36:22; Mark 14:54; John 18:18). But on Sabbath no fire for any domestic purpose was to be kindled (Exodus 35:3; Numbers 15:32-36).
(3.) Punishment of death by fire was inflicted on such as were guilty of certain forms of unchastity and incest (Leviticus 20:14; 21:9). The burning of captives in war was not unknown among the Jews (2 Samuel 12:31; Jeremiah 29:22). The bodies of infamous persons who were executed were also sometimes burned (Joshua 7:25; 2 Kings 23:16).
(4.) In war, fire was used in the destruction of cities, as Jericho (Joshua 6:24), Ai (8:19), Hazor (11:11), Laish (Judges 18:27), etc. The war-chariots of the Canaanites were burnt (Joshua 11:6, 9, 13). The Israelites burned the images (2 Kings 10:26; R.V., "pillars") of the house of Baal. These objects of worship seem to have been of the nature of obelisks, and were sometimes evidently made of wood.
Torches were sometimes carried by the soldiers in battle (Judges 7:16).
(5.) Figuratively, fire is a symbol of Jehovah's presence and the instrument of his power (Exodus 14:19; Numbers 11:1, 3; Judges 13:20; 1 Kings 18:38; 2 Kings 1:10, 12; 2:11; Isaiah 6:4; Ezek. 1:4; Revelation 1:14, etc.).
God's word is also likened unto fire (Jeremiah 23:29). It is referred to as an emblem of severe trials or misfortunes (Zechariah 12:6; Luke 12:49; 1 Corinthians 3:13, 15; 1 Peter 1:7), and of eternal punishment (Matthew 5:22; Mark 9:44; Revelation 14:10; 21:8).
Noah Webster's New International Dictionary of the English Language
1. (n.) The evolution of light and heat in the combustion of bodies; combustion; state of ignition.
2. (n.) Fuel in a state of combustion, as on a hearth, or in a stove or a furnace.
3. (n.) The burning of a house or town; a conflagration.
4. (n.) Anything which destroys or affects like fire.
5. (n.) Ardor of passion, whether love or hate; excessive warmth; consuming violence of temper.
6. (n.) Liveliness of imagination or fancy; intellectual and moral enthusiasm; capacity for ardor and zeal.
7. (n.) Splendor; brilliancy; luster; hence, a star.
8. (n.) Torture by burning; severe trial or affliction.
9. (n.) The discharge of firearms; firing; as, the troops were exposed to a heavy fire.
10. (v. t.) To set on fire; to kindle; as, to fire a house or chimney; to fire a pile.
11. (v. t.) To subject to intense heat; to bake; to burn in a kiln; as, to fire pottery.
12. (v. t.) To inflame; to irritate, as the passions; as, to fire the soul with anger, pride, or revenge.
13. (v. t.) To animate; to give life or spirit to; as, to fire the genius of a young man.
14. (v. t.) To feed or serve the fire of; as, to fire a boiler.
15. (v. t.) To light up as if by fire; to illuminate.
16. (v. t.) To cause to explode; as, to fire a torpedo; to discharge; as, to fire a musket or cannon; to fire cannon balls, rockets, etc.
17. (v. t.) To drive by fire.
18. (v. t.) To cauterize.
19. (v. i.) To take fire; to be kindled; to kindle.
20. (v. i.) To be irritated or inflamed with passion.
21. (v. i.) To discharge artillery or firearms; as, they fired on the town.